Basics of Share Market

To operate, all businesses require funds. Sometimes the profit earned from the sale of goods or services is insufficient to cover working capital needs. As a result, businesses allow ordinary people like you and me to participate in their businesses so that they may operate them efficiently, and investors share in the profits. This is the first step in understanding stock market fundamentals. Let’s take a closer look at this.

Basics of Share Market

What is the Basics of Share Market?

A stock exchange is a place where stocks are either issued or traded. A stock exchange is like a stock exchange. The main distinction is that a stock market allows you to exchange financial products such as bonds, mutual funds, derivatives, and company shares. Only shares can be traded on a stock exchange. To begin your trip on the derivatives market.

The stock exchange is a critical aspect since it is the basic platform for trading firm stocks and other securities. Only if a stock is listed on an exchange can it be bought or sold. As a result, it serves as a meeting point for stock buyers and sellers. The BSE and the NSE are India’s two most important stock exchanges.

How Should You Invest in the Stock Market?

On the stock market, you cannot purchase or sell directly. You must go through a broker who is authorised to trade on the market or a stock brokerage firm that allows you to trade on their platform. The procedure is straightforward:

  • You must first open a trading account with a broker or a stock brokerage platform to begin investing. You really “trade” or put buy or sell orders in a trading account.
  • A Demat account is opened for you by your broker or stock brokerage platform. The financial securities in your name are held in a Demat account.
  • Your bank account is then linked to these two accounts.
  • To open a trading and demat account, you must present Know Your Customer (KYC) documentation, which includes verification using government-issued identification cards such as your PAN card or Aadhar card.
  • Most brokers and brokerage platforms now feature an online KYC process that allows you to open an account in a matter of days by electronically providing your verification information.
  • Once your account is established, you can trade with your broker or brokerage firm online through a portal or over the phone.

What Does Investing in the Stock Market Cost?

You will normally have to pay the following charges:

Brokerage Fees

All brokers are paid a brokerage fee for facilitating a deal on your behalf. These costs are rapidly decreasing thanks to bargain brokers. They collect taxes and dues given to the government on each transaction, including the Securities Transaction Tax (STT), SEBI charges, and the Goods and Services Tax (GST), among others.

Demat Charges

Your broker or brokerage platform may open your demat account for you, but they do not manage it. To protect your interests, central securities depositories such as NSDL or CDSL maintain demat accounts under government supervision. To keep your account active, you must pay a small annual fee (usually collected by your broker or brokerage platform). These fees can range anywhere from approx. INR 100 to INR 750.

Taxes

Taxes are a percentage of your investment profit that you pay to the government. If you hold stocks for more than a year, you will pay long-term capital gains tax of 10%, and if you retain them for less than a year, you will pay short-term capital gains tax of 15%.

What can you invest in Stock Market?

The following are the major financial instruments traded on the stock exchange:

Equity

Equity shares are issued by corporations and entitle you to a portion of the company’s profits in the form of dividends.

Bonds

Bonds are loans made by the investor to the issuer and are issued by enterprises and governments. These come with a fixed interest rate and a set term. As a result, they’re also known as debt or fixed-income products.

Mutual Fund

Mutual Funds (MFs) are vehicles for pooling money and investing it in various financial assets. They are issued and controlled by financial organisations. The profits from the investments are divided among the investors in accordance to the number of units or investments that they own. These are known as “actively” managed products, in which a fund manager makes decisions on your behalf on what to buy and sell to outperform the benchmark (like the NIFTY).

ETFs (Exchange Traded Funds)

ETFs effectively monitor an index like the NIFTY or the SENSEX and are rising in popularity. When you purchase a unit of the ETF, you are purchasing a portion of the NIFTY’s 50 stocks at the same weighting as the NIFTY. These are referred to as “passive” products, which are often less expensive than mutual funds but provide the same risk and return profile as the index.

Derivatives

A derivative is a financial instrument whose value is determined by the performance of an underlying asset or asset class. Commodities, currencies, stocks, bonds, market indexes, and interest rates are examples of derivatives.


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What is the purpose of the SEBI?

Investing in the stock market is dangerous. As a result, they must be regulated in order to protect investors. Since 1988, when the Government of India created it as the regulating authority for stock markets, the Security and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has been charged with overseeing the secondary and primary markets in India. SEBI became an autonomous entity in a short period of time after the SEBI Act of 1992.

The SEBI oversees market growth as well as regulation. It publishes detailed regulatory measures on a regular basis to ensure that end investors benefit from safe and transparent securities transactions.


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Its primary goals are:

  • Defending the interests of stock investors
  • fostering the growth of the stock market
  • Stock market regulation

Conclusion

The stock market is open to anybody. It is a life talent that must be developed, and it, like all good things, necessitates some patience, time, and study. You can make your money work for you and attain your goals and objectives by making wise investments.